Indian Nobel Prize Winners List
Today We are going to explain about Nobel Prize winners from India. India is a great country. There are many famous personalities in this country. Many have done great work in their respective field. Many have also been awarded with highest prestigious Nobel Prize for their brilliant work. List of Indian Nobel Prize Winners consists names of people. The questions about this topic are generally asked in the competitive exams. Friends as this topic is about Indian citizens winning Nobel Prize. So we shall be completely focusing on India only. For rest the General Knowledge topics move to appropriate section. So we are presenting this topic in easy to read format. This post will give you complete details about this topic. Please have a look at content explain on this page:
What is Nobel Prize?
Indian Nobel Laureates Explained
Indian Citizens winning Nobel Prize
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What is Nobel Prize – Nobel Prize History
Nobel Prize is presented annually. It is a set of six international awards given in various categories to people around the world. Swedish and Norwegian institutions honor the people for academic, cultural, or scientific advances. The awards are given in the memory of the Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel. These were first awarded in 1901 in the Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine.
Nobel Prize Money Awarded
The Nobel Prize comes with a diploma, medal, and cash award of 8 million SEK (about US$1.1 million or €1.16 million).
Official Website: nobelprize.org
Indian Winners of Nobel Prize
Let us now take a look at the Noble Prize winners who are from India. Till now 5 Indian citizens have won the Nobel prize. First Indian to receive the Nobel Prize was Rabindranath Tagore in 1913.
1. Rabindranath Tagore – 1913
Born on 7th May 1861, Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore was a great poet, painter and musician. He has composed the National anthem of India and is also the author of “Gitanjali”. He was first Nobel prize winner from India. He was given this prestigious award in Literature. He was given it for writing profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse. Rabindranath Tagore was famous by the name Bard of Bengal and Gurudev. He is not only the composer of Indian national anthem but he has also written Bangladesh’s national anthem.
Briefing: Rabindranath Tagore- First Indian Nobel prize winner
Reason for Honor: Done awesome work in the Literature.
2. CV Raman – The Nobel Prize in Physics 1930
The second person from India to win Nobel Prize was Sir CV Raman (Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman). He got the prize in the field of science for his discovery known as the “Raman Effect” in physics in 1930. The discovery was the phenomenon of change in wavelength in light rays that are deflected. This was proven to be a milestone in the understanding of physics. It made CV Raman famous all over the world. His glory reached to the Nobel prize institution and thus became Indian Nobel prize winners in science for doing great work in the field of science. He was born on 7 November 1888 in former Madras Province in India which is now the Tamil Nadu state.
Briefing: CV Raman- Second Nobel prize winner from India
Reason for Honor: Done ground-breaking work in the field of light scattering.
3. Mother Teresa – The Nobel Peace Prize 1979
Next third person in the list of Indian Nobel prize winners names is most polite lady Mother Teresa. She was not born in India but came to the country when she was just 19 years old. Then she stayed in India for rest of her life and started to serve poor people of India. Throughout the life, mother Teresa done so many humanitarian work for the poor. She established the Missionaries of Charity. She was a messiah of the poor. Teresa was a lady with a golden heart and pure soul. Living as a Roman Catholic nun and serving the poor, she was honoured with Nobel prize in 1979. She is still remembered not only in India but all over the world.
Briefing: Mother Teresa- Third Nobel prize winner in India
Reason for Honor: For Peace. Lady full of pity. Devoted whole life to help poor people.
4. Amartya Sen – The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1998
Amartya Sen is the next in the Indian Nobel prize winner list. He was born on 3 November 1933 in Bengal. Sen has contributed to welfare economics, economic and social justice, economic theories of famines, social choice theory and indices of the measure of well-being of citizens of developing countries. He is Indian economist Nobel prize winner. He studied economics and then gone to different parts of the world including US and the United Kingdom to teach economic in their institutions. His research paper on economics, theories of famines, and welfare economics made him popular personality in the world. He was among a few economists of the world. In 1998 he was given the Nobel Memorial Prize. Thus he became Indian Nobel prize winner in economics. Apart from this he has also received Bharat Ratna (1999) and Johan Skytte Prize (2017).
5. Kailash Satyarthi – The Nobel Peace Prize 2014
Whenever the names of people who fight against the suppression of children and young people, the name of Kailash Satyarthi comes first in everyone’s mind. And he is the next person in the Indian Nobel prize winners list. He was awarded with this prestigious award in 2014. Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai were jointly given this award as both have given significant contribution for the welfare of suppressed children. Satyarthi is the founder of Bachpan Bachao Andolan and is fighting for rights of children. He has saved so many children from doing child labour. He has also won many other prizes for his social work for children. Other national and international honours and awards won by Kailash Satyarthi includes Harvard’s University’s “Humanitarian of the Year” in 2015, in 2009 Defenders of Democracy Award (US) was presented to him. Gold medal of the Italian Senate was also received by Kailash in 2007.
That was all about latest Indian Nobel prize winners names list. We have tried to made the list as simple as possible. The content above is arranged in such a way that you will rarely need any revision. However, a revision of this topic many times is recommended by us. So guys, read the topic and read about all five Nobel Prize winners from India to get good marks in government jobs written exams. There are chances that at least one or two questions may be asked from this topic. One mark can make a huge difference at the time of merit list preparations.
Some Other Indian born Nobel Laureates
Apart from the all 5 Indian winners of Nobel prize, there are some others. Some of these people born in India when the country was under the British rule. They born in different parts of India and then got famous in other countries. Have a look.
Har Gobind Khorana – The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1968
Har Gobind Khorana was an Indian American biochemist who had born in British India. He was given Nobel prize in 1968 for Physiology or Medicine jointly with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley. He had worked on the order of nucleotides in nucleic acids, which carry the genetic code of the cell and control the cell’s synthesis of proteins.
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar – The Nobel Prize in Physics 1983
An Indian American astrophysicist, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar was born on 19th of October, 1910 at Lahore (now in Pakistan). He was Nephew of Nobel Laureate Sir CV Raman. Subrahmanyan spent his life in the United States. His area of work was also physics. He done theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars. The Chandrasekhar limit is named after him. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar and William A. Fowler (American nuclear physicist) shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1983.
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan – The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009
Venki or Venkatraman Ramakrishnan is another name in the list of India born Nobel prize Laureates. He is a structural biologist American and British structural biologist. He studied the structure and function of the ribosome for which he was given the Nobel prize in Chemistry shared with Thomas A. Steitz and Ada Yonath.
Few important and common questions related to winners of Nobel Prize from India.
You can easily answers these questions if you have read the whole document above carefully. If you have not, we suggest you to once again go through the complete information on list of Indian Nobel prize winners.
Q1. Who was first Indian to Born Nobel Prize?
Ams: Gurudev (Sir ) Rabindranath Tagore.
Q2. Who is the latest Indian winners of Nobel prize?
Ans: Kailash Satyarthi
Q3: Who was the first and the only Indian woman to get Nobel Prize?
Ans: Mother Teresa
Q4: Amartya Sena won Nobel Prize in which category?