Somalia has been declared Polio Free by UN World Health Organisation on 13th of August,2017. The announcement by WHO came after the organisation observed no case of Polio in Somalia for last three years.
As per the reports of WHO, last polio case in the country was found back in 2017 and since then no child has been affected by this paralysing disease.
Mohamed Fiqiannounced – head of WHO Eastern Mediterranean told that this great result of making Somalia Polio free has been achieved with collective efforts of all concerned authorities such as government of Somalia, international actors and most importantly massive vaccination campaigns. Now continuous work needs to be done to keep the country free from this virus through targeted vaccination campaigns.
The WHO director said that the risks are still there as the virus may come back from countries like Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan. Polio cases are still being recorded in these three countries.
Remember these points about Somalia:
Capital of Somalia: Mogadishu
Somalia President: Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
Prime Minister of Somalis is Hassan Ali Khayre
Currency used: Somali shilling
Milkha Singh India’s sprint legend has been appointed as goodwill ambassador for physical activities by WHO in South-East Asia Region. The aim is to promote the physical activities among people of every age in the South-East Asia Region with the support of Milkha Singh.
The appointment of Milkha Singh was done by Regional Director of WHO for South-East Asia region, Poonam Khetrapal Singh.
People have almost no or very less physical activities in their daily life. It is because of the kind of lifestyle people adopting today. Serious health issues like heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and cancer are arising among people and only regular exercise can reduce the risks of all such diseases to happen.
As per the reports in South-East Asia Region, 70% of boys , 8% girls and almost thirty three percent of adults have very less physical activities or insufficient activities which is an alarming situation.
WHO recommends regarding physical Workout:
As per WHO recommendations, children need to perform physical activities for at least 60 minutes on daily basis whereas an adult should do it 150 minutes on per week basis in order to stay safe away from any of the above said common disease. The Importance of physical exercise is even more for people 65 years of age and above.
About Milkha Singh:
He is former Indian track and field sprinter.
Also known as The Flying Sikh.
He is awarded with the Padma Shri for wonderful achievements.
Scientists from USA have developed a Zica virus vaccine using plants. It is world’s first plant based Zika Vaccine and is more effective against Zica virus. It is also cheaper as compared to other medicine available to treat the virus. The medicine has been developed from Tobacco plant using protein present in the plant.
This newly developed Zika Virus Vaccine will be very helpful as currently there is no licensed vaccine available to combat Zika.
How the vaccine functions?
The Vaccine was developed by Arizona State University (ASU) researchers. The medicine acts against D|||, which is a part of the Zika Viral Protein and plays a major role to infect people.
About Zika Virus:
It is a vector borne disease that is transmitted by the same mosquito name Aedes aegypti which causes Dengue, Yellow fever and West Nile fever. The virus was first discovered in Zika forests of Uganda in 1947 because of that it was given name of Zika Virus.
Its symptoms are mild fever, skin rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise or headache. The symptompts lasts for 2-7 days. The virus causes serious birth defects and other health issue in newly born babies as well as to adults. It attacks immune system of adults.
The virus is transmitted from pregnant woman to its baby which causes abnormalities in brain of newly born. There are possibilities of Sexual transmission of Zika virus. Transmission possibility through blood transfusion is under investigation.
Lithium, Arsenic, antimony, lead and mercury – These five metals have been banned by Apex court to use them in firecrackers. These five metals are very harmful for health and cause large amount of air pollution when used on festivals like Diwali and on other occasions such as marriages and celebrations.
The ban was imposed after on the basis of earlier petition filled by three Children of Delhi. They had requested to supreme court to take some hard decisions on the use of firecrackers during festivals like Diwali.
The Apex court told that it is the responsibility of Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO) to make it sure that the ban order is followed properly. The Sivakasi in Tamil Nadu is the area where large number of manufacturers of firecrackers exists. So, court asked PESO to pay special attention to that particular area to ensure that future work is done as per the new order. The court asked Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and PSEO to work collaboratively to set up standards and instructions regarding the pollution caused by firecrackers.
Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organization is Government of India department which takes care and administers the usage of explosives and petrol stations in India. The department issues operational licences to: Petrol Stations, Vehicle used for transportation of petroleum products and Refineries etc.
Headquarter of the department is at Nagpur Maharashtra and Chief Controller of Explosives.
About Central Pollution Control Board
CPEB is a statuary organization that works under the Ministry of Environment and Forest and Climate Change. It is the supreme organization of country for pollution control. The headquarter of the organization is in New Delhi. It was established in 1974 under Water act,1974. It also work under Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981. The Chairman of the board is nominated by the central Government.
Shri S.P Singh – Current Chairman
Functioning: CPEB provides technical assistance to of State pollution control boards and also handles their disputes. Also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
Haryana government yesterday on 29th July ordered a banned mixing liquid nitrogen in drinks or in any food items under the food safety and standards act,2006.
The decision was taken after observing an incident which happened this month with a business man form Delhi. The person was hospitalised after drinking a cocktail mixed with nitrogen. The doctors said that his condition was so critical that his stomach opened like an open book with the effect.
Why Liquid nitrogen is used?
Liquid Nitrogen is having low temperature, it is used in the bars and pubs, mixed with drinks to make it cool and also to generate smoky effect. As it has evaporating properties, it expands.
How it acts inside human body?
Due to its evaporating properties, the gas expands in the stomach and can burst. It can serious internal damages like injuring inner tissues of mouth and body.
Haryana is the north Indian state of the country. It is surrounded by Delhi from three sides and came into existence in 1st November,1966. Earlier it was the part of Punjab.
Mr. Manohar Lal Khattar is current Chief minister of Haryana. Kaptan Singh Solanki is Governor of the state. It is well known as the land of Athletes and sports persons like Vijender singh, Saina Nehwal and Saksi Malik.
Population: 27.76 Million
Capital- Chandigarh (Shared with Punjab)